Daftar Regular dan Irregular Verb Lengkap dengan Artinya



Belajar Kata Kerja Beraturan dan Tak Beraturan dalam Bahasa Inggris


Kata kerja dalam bahasa Inggris ada kalanya perlu diubah ke bentuk dua atau bentuk tiga untuk melengkapi suatu kalimat. Namun, perubahan kata kerja ini ada yang bentuknya beraturan atau hanya perlu ditambah dengan akhiran d/ed saja, dan ada pula yang bentuknya tidak beraturan sehingga harus dihafalkan.

irregular verb

DAFTAR IRREGULAR VERB
Irregular verb adalah bentuk kata kerja tidak beraturan. Artinya, kata kerja bentuk dua dan bentuk tiganya mengalami perubahan bentuk diluar patokan umum. Pada patokan umum, maka kata kerja bentuk dua dan tiga mengalami penambahan huruf d/ed di akhir kata.

Sedangkan pada irregular verb tidak demikian. Jadi, kamu harus menghafalkan bentuknya, tanpa ada patokan.


Berikut daftar kata kerja tidak beraturan (irregular verb) berdasarkan urutan abjad:

A
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
abide > > abided/ abode > > abided > > tunduk
alight > > alighted/ alit > > alighted/ alit > > turun
arise > > arose > > arisen > > timbul
awake > > awakened/ awoke > > awakened/ awoken > > bangun

B
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
backbite > > backbit > > backbitten > > fitnah
backslide > > backslid > > backslidden/ backslid > > kembali mengerjakan kebiasaan lama yg tercela
be [ am, is, are] > > was, were > > been > >
bear > > bore > > born/ borne > > melahirkan
beat > > beat > > beaten/ beat > > mengalahkan
become > > became > > become > > menjadi
befall > > befell > > befallen > > menimpa
beget > > begat/ begot > > begotten > > memperanakkan
begin > > began > > begun > > mulai
behold > > beheld > > beheld > > melihat
bend > > bent > > bent > > tikungan
bereave > > bereaved/ bereft > > bereaved/ bereft > > kehilangan
beseech > > besought/ beseeched > > besought/ beseeched > > mohon
beset > > beset > > beset > > menimpa
bestrew > > bestrewed > > bestrewn/ bestrewed > > menabur
bet > > bet/ betted > > bet/ betted > > bertaruh
betake > > betook > > betaken > > berangkat
bethink > > bethought > > bethought > > memikirkan
bid (farewell) > > bid/ bade > > bidden > > tawaran (perpisahan)
bid (offer amount) > > bid > > bid > > tawaran (menawar)
bind > > bound > > bound > > mengikat
bite > > bit > > bitten > > menggigit
bleed > > bled > > bled > > berdarah
blow > > blew > > blown > > pukulan
break > > broke > > broken > > istirahat
breed > > bred > > bred > > berkembang biak
bring > > brought > > brought > > membawa
broadcast > > broadcast/ broadcasted > > broadcast/ broadcasted > > siaran
browbeat > > browbeat > > browbeaten/ browbeat > > menggertak
build > > built > > built > > membangun
burn > > burned/ burnt > > burned/ burnt > > membakar
burst > > burst > > burst > > ledakan
bust > > busted/ bust > > busted/ bust > > payudara
buy > > bought > > bought > > membeli

C
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
cast > > cast > > cast > > melemparkan
catch > > caught > > caught > > menangkap
chide > > chided/ chid > > chided/ chidden > > mencaci
choose > > chose > > chosen > > memilih
clap > > clapped/ clapt > > clapped/ clapt > > bertepuk tangan
cling > > clung > > clung > > berpegang teguh
clothe > > clothed/ clad > > clothed/ clad > > menyandangi
colorbreed > > colorbred > > colorbred > > colorbreed
come > > came > > come > > datang
cost > > cost > > cost > > biaya
creep > > crept > > crept > > merayap
crossbreed > > crossbred > > crossbred > > blasteran
cut > > cut > > cut > > memotong

D
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
dare > > dared/ durst > > dared/ durst > > tantangan
daydream > > daydreamed/ daydreamt > > daydreamed/ daydreamt > > lamunan
deal > > dealt > > dealt > > berurusan
dig > > dug > > dug > > menggali
disprove > > disproved > > disproved/ disproven > > membantah
dive (jump head-first) > > dove/ dived > > dived > > menyelam (melompat kepala lebih dulu)
dive  > > dived/ dove > > dived > > menyelam
do > > did > > done > > melakukan
draw > > drew > > drawn > > menarik
dream > > dreamed/ dreamt > > dreamed/ dreamt > > mimpi
drink > > drank > > drunk > > minum
drive > > drove > > driven > > menyetir
dwell > > dwelt/ dwelled > > dwelt/ dwelled > > tinggal

E
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
eat > > ate > > eaten > > makan
enwind > > enwound > > enwound > > enwind

F
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
fall > > fell > > fallen > > jatuh
feed > > fed > > fed > > makan
feel > > felt > > felt > > merasa
fight > > fought > > fought > > berjuang
find > > found > > found > > menemukan
fit (tailor, change size) > > fitted/ fit > > fitted/ fit > > cocok
flee > > fled > > fled > > melarikan diri
fling > > flung > > flung > > melemparkan
fly > > flew > > flown > > terbang
forecast > > forecast > > forecast > > ramalan
foresee > > foresaw > > foreseen > > meramalkan
foretell > > foretold > > foretold > > meramalkan
forget > > forgot > > forgotten/ forgot > > lupa
forgive > > forgave > > forgiven > > mengampuni
forsake > > forsook > > forsaken > > meninggalkan
forswear > > forswore > > forsworn > > mengingkari
fraught > > fraught > > fraught > > penuh
freeze > > froze > > frozen > > membekukan
frostbite > > frostbit > > frostbitten > > radang dingin

G
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
gainsay > > gainsaid > > gainsaid > > membantah
get > > got > > gotten/ got > > mendapatkan
gild > > gilded/ gilt > > gilded/ gilt > > menyepuh
give > > gave > > given > > memberikan
go > > went > > gone > > pergi
grind > > ground > > ground > > menggiling
grow > > grew > > grown > > tumbuh

H
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
hamstring > > hamstrung > > hamstrung > > urat lutut
hang > > hung > > hung > > menggantung
have > > had > > had > > memiliki
hear > > heard > > heard > > mendengar
heave > > heaved/ hove > > heaved/ hove > > mengangkat
hew > > hewed > > hewn/ hewed > > menetak
hide > > hid > > hidden > > menyembunyikan
hit > > hit > > hit > > memukul
hold > > held > > held > > memegang
hurt > > hurt > > hurt > > sakit

I
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
inbreed > > inbred > > inbred > > Mengawinkan (sejenis)
inlay > > inlaid > > inlaid > > tatahan
input > > input/ inputted > > input/ inputted > > masukan
inset > > inset > > inset > > sisipan
interbreed > > interbred > > interbred > > Menyilangkan (kawin)
interweave > > interwove/ interweaved > > interwoven/ interweaved > > menjalinkan

J
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
jerry-build > > jerry-built > > jerry-built > > serampangan-membangun

K
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
keep > > kept > > kept > > menjaga
kneel > > knelt/ kneeled > > knelt/ kneeled > > berlutut
knit > > knitted/ knit > > knitted/ knit > > merajut
know > > knew > > known > > tahu

L
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
lade > > laded > > laden/ laded > > memuati
landslide > > landslid > > landslid > > tanah longsor
lay > > laid > > laid > > awam
lead > > led > > led > > memimpin
lean > > leaned/ leant > > leaned/ leant > > kurus
leap > > leaped/ leapt > > leaped/ leapt > > lompatan
learn > > learned/ learnt > > learned/ learnt > > belajar
leave > > left > > left > > meninggalkan
lend > > lent > > lent > > meminjamkan
let > > let > > let > > membiarkan
lie > > lay > > lain > > berbohong
light > > lit/ lighted > > lit/ lighted > > cahaya
lip-read > > lip-read > > lip-read > > bibir-baca
lose > > lost > > lost > > kehilangan

M
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
make > > made > > made > > membuat
mean > > meant > > meant > > berarti
meet > > met > > met > > memenuhi
misdeal > > misdealt > > misdealt > > berlaku salah
mistake > > mistook > > mistaken > > kesalahan
mow > > mowed > > mowed/ mown > > memotong rumput

N
Tidak ada irregular verb yang dimulai dengan “N.”

O
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
offset > > offset > > offset > > mengimbangi
outbid > > outbid > > outbid > > mengalahkan dlm menawar
outdo > > outdid > > outdone > > mengalahkan
outdraw > > outdrew > > outdrawn > > menarik lebih banyak orang
outgrow > > outgrew > > outgrown > > mengatasi
outlay > > outlaid > > outlaid > > pengeluaran
output > > output/ outputted > > output/ outputted > > keluaran
outride > > outrode > > outridden > > mendahului
outrun > > outran > > outrun > > berlari lebih cepat
outsell > > outsold > > outsold > > menjual lebih banyak
outshine > > outshined/ outshone > > outshined/ outshone > > lebih cemerlang
outspeak > > outspoke > > outspoken > > mengucapkan
overspread > > overspread > > overspread > > menyebarkan

P
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
partake > > partook > > partaken > > mengambil bagian
pay > > paid > > paid > > membayar
plead > > pleaded/ pled > > pleaded/ pled > > mengaku
prepay > > prepaid > > prepaid > > prabayar
prove > > proved > > proven/ proved > > membuktikan
put > > put > > put > > menaruh

Q
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
quick-freeze > > quick-froze > > quick-frozen > > membekukan cepat-cepat
quit > > quit/ quitted > > quit/ quitted > > berhenti

R
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
read > > read (sounds like “red”) > > read (sounds like “red”) > > membaca
rend > > rent/ rended > > rent/ rended > > membelah
rewind > > rewound > > rewound > > mundur
rid > > rid > > rid > > membebaskan
ride > > rode > > ridden > > naik
ring > > rang > > rung > > cincin
rise > > rose > > risen > > naik
rive > > rived > > riven/ rived > > membelah
run > > ran > > run > > menjalankan

S
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
saw > > sawed > > sawed/ sawn > > melihat
say > > said > > said > > mengatakan
see > > saw > > seen > > melihat
seek > > sought > > sought > > mencari
sell > > sold > > sold > > menjual
send > > sent > > sent > > mengirim
set > > set > > set > > mengatur
sew > > sewed > > sewn/ sewed > > menjahit
shake > > shook > > shaken > > gemetar
shave > > shaved > > shaved/ shaven > > mencukur
shear > > sheared > > sheared/ shorn > > geser
shed > > shed > > shed > > gudang
shine > > shined/ shone > > shined/ shone > > bersinar
shit > > shit/ shat/ shitted > > shit/ shat/ shitted > > omong kosong
shoe > > shoed/ shod > > shoed/ shod > > sepatu
shoot > > shot > > shot > > menembak
show > > showed > > shown/ showed > > pertunjukan
shrink > > shrank/ shrunk > > shrunk > > menyusut
shrive > > shrived/ shrove > > shriven > > mendengarkan pengakuan dosa dan mengampuni
shut > > shut > > shut > > menutup
sight-read > > sight-read > > sight-read > > melihat-membaca
sing > > sang > > sung > > menyanyi
sink > > sank/ sunk > > sunk > > wastafel
sit > > sat > > sat > > duduk
skywrite > > skywrote > > skywritten > > skywrite
slay  > > slew/ slayed > > slain/ slayed > > membunuh
sleep > > slept > > slept > > tidur
slide > > slid > > slid > > meluncur
sling > > slung > > slung > > ambin
slink > > slinked/ slunk > > slinked/ slunk > > mengendap-endap
slit > > slit > > slit > > celah
smell > > smelled/ smelt > > smelled/ smelt > > bau
smite > > smote > > smitten/ smote > > memukul
sneak > > sneaked/ snuck > > sneaked/ snuck > > menyelinap
sow > > sowed > > sown/ sowed > > menabur
speak > > spoke > > spoken > > berbicara
speed > > sped/ speeded > > sped/ speeded > > kecepatan
spell > > spelled/ spelt > > spelled/ spelt > > mengeja
spend > > spent > > spent > > menghabiskan
spill > > spilled/ spilt > > spilled/ spilt > > tumpahan
spin > > spun > > spun > > berputar
spit > > spit/ spat > > spit/ spat > > meludah
split > > split > > split > > berpisah
spoil > > spoiled/ spoilt > > spoiled/ spoilt > > memanjakan
spoon-feed > > spoon-fed > > spoon-fed > > menyuap
spread > > spread > > spread > > menyebar
spring > > sprang/ sprung > > sprung > > musim semi
stand > > stood > > stood > > berdiri
stave > > staved/ stove > > staved/ stove > > juluan
steal > > stole > > stolen > > mencuri
stick > > stuck > > stuck > > tongkat
sting > > stung > > stung > > sengat
stink > > stunk/ stank > > stunk > > bau
strew > > strewed > > strewn/ strewed > > menaburi
stride > > strode > > stridden > > langkah
strike  > > struck > > struck/ stricken > > mogok/ menghapus/ memukul
string > > strung > > strung > > tali
strive > > strove/ strived > > striven/ strived > > berusaha keras
sublet > > sublet > > sublet > > menyewakan lagi
swear > > swore > > sworn > > bersumpah
sweat > > sweat/ sweated > > sweat/ sweated > > keringat
sweep > > swept > > swept > > menyapu
swell > > swelled > > swollen/ swelled > > membengkak
swim > > swam > > swum > > berenang
swing > > swung > > swung > > ayunan

T
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
take > > took > > taken > > mengambil
teach > > taught > > taught > > mengajar
tear > > tore > > torn > > air mata
telecast > > telecast > > telecast > > siaran televisi
tell > > told > > told > > menceritakan
think > > thought > > thought > > berpikir
thrive > > thrived/ throve > > thrived/ thriven > > berkembang
throw > > threw > > thrown > > melemparkan
thrust > > thrust > > thrust > > dorongan
tread > > trod > > trodden/ trod > > tapak
troubleshoot > > troubleshot > > troubleshot > > memecahkan
typeset > > typeset > > typeset > > mengeset
typewrite > > typewrote > > typewritten > > mengetik

U
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
unbear > > unbore > > unborn/ unborne > > unbear
unbend > > unbent > > unbent > > meluruskan
unbind > > unbound > > unbound > > memperlonggar
undergo > > underwent > > undergone > > mengalami
underlet > > underlet > > underlet > > underlet
underlie > > underlay > > underlain > > mendasari
understand > > understood > > understood > > memahami
undertake > > undertook > > undertaken > > melakukan
undo > > undid > > undone > > membuka
unwind > > unwound > > unwound > > beristirahat
uphold > > upheld > > upheld > > menegakkan
upset > > upset > > upset > > bingung

V
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
vex > > vexed/ vext > > vexed/ vext > > menyakitkan hati

W
Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
wake > > woke/ waked > > woken/ waked > > bangun
wear > > wore > > worn > > memakai
weave > > wove/ weaved > > woven/ weaved > > menenun
wed > > wed/ wedded > > wed/ wedded > > mengawinkan
weep > > wept > > wept > > menangis
wet > > wet/ wetted > > wet/ wetted > > basah
win > > won > > won > > menang
wind > > wound > > wound > > angin
withdraw > > withdrew > > withdrawn > > menarik
wring > > wrung > > wrung > > memeras
write > > wrote > > written > > menulis

DAFTAR REGULAR VERB
Regular Verb atau kata kerja beraturan sangat mudah untuk dihafalkan. Kata-kata yang tidak termasuk dalam irregular verb, berarti termasuk regular verb. Ciri khasnya, dari verb original, hanya perlu ditambahkan akhiran d/ed untuk kata kerja bentuk 2 dan bentuk 3.

Berikut beberapa contoh dari regular verb.

Verb Original > > Verb 2 > > Verb 3 > > Arti
Accept  > > Accepted  > > Accepted  > > menerima
Acclaim  > > Acclaimed  > > Acclaimed  > > menyambut
Accuse  > > Accused  > > Accused  > > menuduh
Affect  > > Affected  > > Affected  > > mempengaruhi
Blame  > > Blamed  > > Blamed  > > menyalahkan
Cheat  > > Cheated  > > Cheated  > > menipu
Face  > > Faced  > > Faced  > > menghadapi
Interest  > > Interested  > > Interested  > > menarik
lie  > > lied > > lied > > bohong
Melt  > > Melted  > > Melted  > > Meleleh
relay  > > relayed > > relayed > > berjalan terus
slay   > > slayed > > slayed > > membunuh
unlead  > > unleaded > > unleaded > > unlead
whet  > > whetted > > whetted > > mengasah


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